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This article gives detailed instructions on replacing the thermostat in a BMW vehicle with the N62 8 cylinder engine. Even though we used a 2005 645ci to perform this repair, this article can be applied to any vehicle with the N62 8 cylinder engine including V8 5,6,7 and X5 series vehicles with minor modifications to the repair steps.
A BMW N62 thermostat replacement can help cure a rough cold engine idle and no interior cabin heat.
The N62 V8 engine was first introduced in 2002 and was the workhorse of all BMW eight-cylinder models until 2010. The N62 was the direct successor to the M60/M62 V8 engine of the 1990s and was recognized for its technological advancements that created better fuel economy, lower emissions, and greater reliability.
One of the many enhancements incorporated into the New Generation (NG) series of N62 V8s was an advanced cross-flow coolant system that allowed the engine to reach its operating temperature much quicker after a "cold start". An integral part of this new system is an electronically controlled map thermostat that dynamically opens and closes based on the actual needs of the engine.
The BMW N62 thermostat is simply an electronically controlled valve that controls the flow of coolant through the engine block. When the N62's thermostat is closed, coolant is only allowed to recirculate through the engine block, allowing for faster warm-ups and a smoother cold idling engine. When the N62 engine reaches operating temperature (approx. 85 ºC-110 ºC) the thermostat opens allowing coolant to flow to the radiator so the motor doesn't overheat.
The BMW N62 thermostat is attached to the belt-driven water pump housing on the front of the engine. Like all mechanical engine parts in your BMW, it has a definitive life span and will eventually fail (no part lasts forever). Since the thermostat in your N62 eight-cylinder is map-controlled, it is susceptible to electronic failure simply from normal wear and age. Another common cause of thermostat failure is due to deposits and corrosion, usually from a coolant system that has not been properly maintained. The good news is twofold if you have a failing thermostat: 1) N62 thermostats are "fail-safe"...they will always fail in the open position so the engine does not overheat and 2) replacing the thermostat is relatively simple...it is easily accessible on the front of the engine and you do not need to remove the water pump (or a significant amount of parts) to replace it.
The two classic symptoms that your BMW N62 thermostat has failed is a very rough idling cold engine and no interior cabin heat. Usually, the big V8 engine will run smoothly once it reaches operating temperature with a faulty thermostat - until then there is a significant chance of the engine struggling when the accelerator pedal is depressed or even stalling out. If you have determined your thermostat has failed, it is usually a good idea to let the vehicle's engine warm up before taking it out on the road.
Replacing the thermostat in your N62 V8 engine is very straightforward and can be easily done by the home mechanic with average abilities. The thermostat can be unbolted from the water pump housing without having to remove the water pump itself. We give full step-by-step instructions below along with a parts list for your convenience.
N62 Engine - All Models
5 Series E60 (02/2002 - 02/2007)
5 Series E60 LCI (11/2005 - 12/2009)
5 Series E61 (11/2002 - 02/2007)
5 Series E61 LCI (11/2005 - 03/2010)
6 Series E63 (05/2002 - 07/2007)
6 Series E63 LCI (04/2006 - 07/2010)
6 Series E64 (09/2002 - 07/2007)
6 Series E64 LCI (04/2006 - 07/2010)
7 Series E65 (02/2000 - 07/2008)
7 Series E66 (06/2000 - 07/2008)
7 Series E67 (10/2002 - 06/2008)
X5 E53 (01/2003 - 09/2006)
X5 E70 (02/2006 - 03/2010)
View the detailed parts diagram for this repair.
Includes detailed part diagrams, part numbers and links to purchase all of the required components needed to complete this repair.
Before starting this repair, you must have the following required parts.
BMW N62 V8 Engine
A thermostat that opens sooner promotes better cooling in your vehicle. Running a lower temperature thermostat will keep everything much cooler. Keeping the engine cooler will help reduce and improve the life of the seals in your engine, saving you time and money, while also help increase engine performance. A tune might be required to gain the most from this modification, as well as to get your car's ECU accustomed to seeing lower temperatures.
Fits all BMW vehicles
This is the same Genuine BMW coolant you would buy from the dealership.
As discussed above, removing the thermostat from your N62 V8 engine is actually quite easy. It is conveniently located on the front of the engine and is easily accessed by removing just the intake boot. You will lose about 1/2 gallon of coolant during the removal process so have a drain pan ready under the engine. If your vehicle has a belly pan, you will need to jack up the front of the vehicle and remove that first before draining the coolant.
Unsnap the intake muffler lid. Loosen the hose clamp on the intake boot where it attaches to the throttle body. Grasp the lid and the boot and remove them from the vehicle.
Locate the thermostat on the front of the engine and unplug its heating element.
Position a large drain pan under the vehicle. You will lose about 1/2 gallon of coolant when you remove the thermostat.
Using a small flat blade screwdriver, lift the metal locking clip on the radiator coolant return hose and pull it free from the thermostat.
Remove the secondary air pump pressure hose clamp from the top of the thermostat. This will make removing the thermostat much easier.
Using a 10mm socket wrench, remove the three bolts anchoring the thermostat to the water pump. Make sure not to lose the secondary air pump pressure hose bracket attached to the top bolt (see below). Note that the rear one can be a challenge to get out...use patience when removing.
Grasp the thermostat and pull it loose from the water pump. Be prepared to lose about 1/2 gallon of coolant when the thermostat is removed. Remove the thermostat from the vehicle.
Section 2 - Reinstalling the BMW N62 Thermostat
Installing the new thermostat is very straightforward with no special procedures...it is simply the reverse of the above steps. Make sure that you install a fresh rubber gasket with the new thermostat. We provide a handy checklist below with the installation steps, along with important torque values for your convenience. When you finish reinstalling your new thermostat, you must refill your system with coolant to replace the 1/2 gallon that was lost during the repair. Please see the checklist below for instructions on properly refilling your coolant.
BMW N62 Thermostat Reinstallation Checklist
***The following steps were performed on a 2005 645ci...other models may vary.
Install a new rubber gasket on the new thermostat.
Carefully slide the new thermostat into the water pump.
Install the three thermostat mounting bolts and hand tighten. Make sure the top bolt has the secondary air pump pressure hose bracket attached to it.
Torque the three thermostat mounting bolts to 10.5 Nm (8 ft-lb).
Replace the nut on the secondary air pump pressure hose bracket and tighten until snug.
Replace the return coolant line on the thermostat. Make sure the locking clip is closed and you hear the hose "snap" onto the thermostat.
Plug the thermostat sensor back in.
Replace the intake muffler lid. Make sure the hose clamp is securely tightened.
Replace the vacuum line on the intake boot.
Plug the mass air flow sensor back in.
Replace the engine cover.
Refill coolant system as follows:
1. Only use Genuine BMW Antifreeze/Coolant mixed 50/50 with distilled water.
2. Remove the cap from the coolant expansion tank.
3. Turn the vehicle ignition on (do not start the vehicle). Set the driver's side heat to high, the AC fan blower to low.
4. Start pouring coolant into the expansion tank until it is full.
5. Start the engine and top off the expansion tank until it is full. Replace the expansion tank cap and allow the engine to reach operating temperature (let it idle 15 minutes if cold).
6. Let the engine completely cool. Check the coolant level and top off if necessary.
BMW Thermostat Replacement - N62 8 Cylinder 5,6,7 and X5 Series FINISHED
Part # 17-21-7-559-962 - Thermostat used in the automatic transmission cooler system. Fits: BMW E60 528i, BMW E60 530i, BMW E60 525i, BMW E60 525xi, BMW E60 528xi, BMW E60 530xi, BMW E60 545i, BMW E60 550i, BMW E61 525i, BMW E61 530xi, BMW E63 645Ci, BMW E63 650i, BMW E64 645Ci, BMW E64 650i, BMW E65 750i, BMW E65 745i, BMW E65 760i, BMW E65 760Li, BMW E66 760Li, BMW E66 745Li, BMW E66 750Li
Part # 64-21-1-374-635 - Rubber coolant hoses are subjected to constant abuse, being exposed to a wide range of temperatures on a daily basis. Indicators of a worn hose include bulges, cracking, splitting at connections, and the loss of flexibility. Replace them whenever this wear is identified to ensure your cooling system stays efficient and operating properly. When you are replacing your coolant hoses, examine the rest of your cooling system to be sure that all these abused parts are being replaced. Replace any suspect hose flanges and pick up some factory-approved coolant for a complete job by checking under the Maintenance section of your specific model. Fits: BMW E24 M6 S38 3.5L, BMW E28 M5 S38 3.5L
Fits: BMW E60 528i, BMW E60 530i, BMW E60 525i, BMW E60 525xi, BMW E60 528xi, BMW E60 530xi, BMW E60 545i, BMW E60 550i, BMW E61 525i, BMW E61 530xi, BMW E63 645Ci, BMW E63 650i, BMW E64 645Ci, BMW E64 650i, BMW E65 750i, BMW E65 745i, BMW E65 760i, BMW E65 760Li, BMW E66 760Li, BMW E66 745Li, BMW E66 750Li
Part # 64-11-8-391-926 - If you are experiencing heating problems, your secondary thermostat might be bad. This is the thermostat that runs inline in between your heater core and engine. If you are not receiving proper heat in side your vehicle, then this is most likely your problem. Fits: BMW E30
Part # 11-53-7-835-927 - Over time, the hoses in your BMW break down after years of exposure to extreme temperatures and general use. They can crack and leak, potentially resulting in low coolant, an warped head, and a mess in your driveway. Replace your leaking hoses today to keep the situation from getting worse and get your BMW running the way it should. Fits: BMW E60 M5 S85 5.0L, BMW E63 M6 S85 5.0L, BMW E64 M6 S85 5.0L
A thermostat that opens sooner promotes better cooling in your vehicle. Running a lower temperature thermostat will keep everything much cooler. Keeping the engine cooler will help reduce and improve the life of the seals in your engine, saving you time and money, while also help increase engine performance. A tune might be required to gain the most from this modification, as well as to get your car's ECU accustomed to seeing lower temperatures. Fits: BMW E53 X5 N62 4.4L, BMW E53 X5 N62 4.8L, BMW E60 545i N62 4.4L, BMW E60 550i N62 4.8L, BMW E63 645Ci N62 4.4L, BMW E63 650i N62 4.8L, BMW E64 645Ci N62 4.4L, BMW E64 650i N62 4.8L, BMW E65 750i N62 4.8L, BMW E65 745i N62 4.4L, BMW E65 760i N73 6.0L, BMW E65 760Li N73 6.0L, BMW E65 B7 Alpina N62 4.4L, BMW E66 760Li N73 6.0L, BMW E66 745Li N62 4.4L, BMW E66 750Li N62 4.8L, BMW E70 X5 M, BMW E70 X5 xDrive48i, BMW E71 X6 50iX, BMW E71 X6 M, BMW E71 X6 xDrive50i, BMW E71 X6 ActiveHybrid, BMW F01 750i, BMW F01 750i xDrive, BMW F02 760Li, BMW F02 750Li, BMW F02 750Li xDrive, BMW F02 750LiX, BMW F07 550i, BMW F07 550i xDrive, BMW F10 M5, BMW F10 550i, BMW F10 550i xDrive, BMW F12 M6, BMW F12 650i, BMW F12 650iX, BMW F13 M6, BMW F13 650i, BMW F13 650iX, BMW F80 M3, BMW F82 M4, BMW F83 M4, BMW F87 M2 Competition, BMW F90 M5
Keeps the thermostat mounted in an upright position. Also includes spring clip. Fits: BMW E60 528i N52 3.0L, BMW E60 530i M54 3.0L, BMW E60 530i N52 3.0L, BMW E60 525i M54 2.5L, BMW E60 525i N52 3.0L, BMW E60 525xi N52 3.0L, BMW E60 528xi N52 3.0L, BMW E60 530xi N52 3.0L, BMW E60 545i N62 4.4L, BMW E60 550i N62 4.8L, BMW E61 525i M54 2.5L, BMW E61 530xi N52 3.0L, BMW E63 645Ci N62 4.4L, BMW E63 650i N62 4.8L, BMW E64 645Ci N62 4.4L, BMW E64 650i N62 4.8L, BMW E65 750i N62 4.8L, BMW E65 745i N62 4.4L, BMW E65 760i N73 6.0L, BMW E65 760Li N73 6.0L, BMW E66 760Li N73 6.0L, BMW E66 745Li N62 4.4L, BMW E66 750Li N62 4.8L
The Level of Difficulty displays graphically how challenging the repair is, from beginner to expert. Beginner repairs usually require very few tools, have short repair times and are simple to complete for even the most novice of mechanics. As the difficulty level rises expect the repair to demand more time, use more specialized tools, and require a better understanding of mechanics to complete the job.
The Repair Cost graphically displays approximately how expensive the repair will be to perform. The repair cost is defined as the actual money that would need to be spent to purchase required parts and special tools that would not be normally found in the home mechanics garage. Please note that these cost estimates are approximate and can fluctuate based on brand preferences and manufacturer.